Urinary incontinence in men is the involuntary leakage of urine. The different types of urinary incontinence include:
• Functional incontinence: the patient is unable to reach the toilet in time for such reasons as poor mobility or unfamiliar surroundings.
• Stress incontinence: involuntary leakage of urine on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing. This is due to an incompetent sphincter. Stress incontinence may be associated with genitourinary prolapse.
• Urge incontinence: involuntary urine leakage accompanied by, or immediately preceded by, urgency of micturition. This means a sudden and compelling desire to urinate that cannot be deferred. In urge incontinence there is detrusor instability or hyperreflexia leading to involuntary detrusor contraction. This may be idiopathic or secondary to neurological problems such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia or spinal cord injury. It can sometimes be caused by local irritation due to infection or bladder stones.
• Mixed incontinence: involuntary leakage of urine associated with both urgency and exertion, effort, sneezing or coughing..
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